Sea dragon, sea dragon, Scorpid
Sea dragon — Trachinus draco
Dragon, Scorpid, dragon (no.)
Sea dragon – Trachinus draco
Sea dragon is the only representative of the family of the Drakensberg (Trachinidae) in the Black sea. Characterized by low elongated body covered with dense small scales. On the head of a sea dragon there are several spikes, the largest of them is located on the operculum and sent back. The first of two dorsal fins with a black spot, short, and consists of 6-7 spiny rays. The body color is gray or yellow with oblique bands on flanks, fins greenish, the tail on the falling edge of almost black. In the Black sea dragon lives everywhere known cases of arrest in the Kerch Strait. In the coastal zone of the Crimea the sea dragon is most common from may to November at depths up to 20 m, deeper in winter is kept.
Sea dragon reaches a length of 45 cm, while the normal dimensions less DO-20 cm Lead secretive, sedentary lifestyle. Ripens sea dragon in a three-year age, spawns in June – October. Sea dragon is a predator, an ambush waiting for their prey buried in the sand and putting out the head with spikes and spines of the first dorsal fin. Serve him food of small fish and crustaceans.
You need to know that sea dragon has poisonous glands located at the base of the spines of the dorsal fin and Gill covers. Losing can prototipi careless handling caught sea dragon, and in that case, if he accidentally stepped in water. The injection causes an extremely strong burning pain that spreads to the entire limb and lasts for several hours. Develops cyanosis, severe swelling, necrosis of the affected areas. Sometimes there is a paralysis of the lower limbs, cardiac insufficiency, cramps, delirium, nausea. Symptoms persist for 6-8 hours. If you prick a thorn (prickle) a sea dragon is necessary to immediately impose tourniquet above the place of injection, and as close as possible to the wound, but no more than 15 minutes the Wound washed by sea water, to remove the wreckage of a thorn (prickle).
For the destruction of the venom injection site, immersed in hot water with magnesium sulfate, for pain primeneniiu blockade. Timely medical assistance allows to avoid serious consequences from perishing by the poison of the sea dragon — described in the literature even cases of death tukalov this fish. So sea dragon is the most dangerous to humans the Black sea fish.
Sea dragon in the waters of Ukraine has no industrial value, though its meat is very tasty, especially in dried form. In Amateur catch is rare. If this happens, be sure to release the hook from the mouth of the fish with the utmost care, and better — cut the leash with dangerous prey. To use sea dragon for culinary purposes, it is recommended to remove (cut, cut) the spines of the dorsal fin and the spines of their Gill covers, then it is safe to cook fish in any form.