Bright tropical fish, corals, anemones, sponges, starfish and many other marine mansions await you in Water parks “Xel-Ha” and “Xcaret”, in Playa del Carmen and the Riviera Maya. In the Park “Xcaret” you will be able to see more than 5,000 species of marine life while diving in the Caribbean sea and 500 species of fish, shellfish and marine animals kept in aquariums and pools in which the water is pumped directly from the Gulf of Mexico.
Ecological Park “Xel-Ha” is the largest natural aquarium in the world with fresh water, which is constantly nourish the underground river coming to the surface current on the shore and in the Bay, where their waters mingle with the salty ocean currents. This combination of water creates a unique environment in which live fresh-water or marine fish.
Some ecosystems you will be able to see in the Park “Xcaret”, so complex that they managed to recreate only a few aquariums in the world. Continue reading
Why is the sea red? The etymology of the name “Red sea” to the end is still not clear. The most common opinion is the presence of water reddish-brown color. This color to it is given in the season of its flowering is a specific type of algae. The ancient Egyptians because of the unusual color of the stones was called the red Land of the desert, bordering the sea. An extraordinary spectacle, when her reflection in the water, changes its color to coral.
Where is Red sea? It is located between the Arabian Peninsula and Africa and is an inland sea of the Indian ocean. The red sea washes the shores of Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Israel, Jordan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Sudan and Egypt.
From the underground of divergence of two tectonic plates, more than 20 million years ago, there was a deepening. This depression is called a rift valley. Continue reading
SHARK . superorder of cartilaginous fish. Includes 8 units and approx. 350 species distributed in all oceans. The most diverse and numerous sharks in the tropics, but occur also in temperate and even in cold waters. Live in the water column and near the bottom, at great depths and in the coastal shallows. Ascend rivers for hundreds of kilometers (eg. the Amazon) that inhabit lake Nicaragua and some others. In Russian waters approx. 10 species, including katrenova shark (spiny dogfish), polar shark, mackerel sharks and hammerhead sharks .
The body of sharks is well adapted to fast and maneuverable swimming. It has an elongated, torpedo-like shape and ends in a large tail fin. DL. body from 15-20 cm (some kind of old-fashioned recourses and weasel sharks) to 20 m (with a weight of 12-14 tons) of whale shark . Since the density of the body of sharks is greater than the density of water, they must constantly move, not to go to the bottom. Best swimmers – Mako speeds up to 60 km/h; when the throw to the prey speed increases. Jaws are armed with a large number of sharp teeth, easily cut through any sacrifice. Continue reading