The sea always attracted people to him, maybe even more than the sky. The world ocean is the habitat of a huge number of plants, fishes, sea animals, including mammals. There are several zones of ocean life. Most inhabited the upper water column, down to 300 meters, as this is the most illuminated part.Area at a depth of from 300 to 1000 metres is the name of the region of penumbra. At a depth of over 1000 meters there is an absolute darkness and intense cold, there are no plants.
The pressure at great depths is very high, at a depth of 3800 m, the pressure is 400 kg cm3 and at a depth of 10900 m – already 7250 kg cm3. The denizens of the deep in different ways have adapted to these difficult conditions. The only food source of deep-sea animals – the corpses of the inhabitants of the upper part of the ocean and bacteria.Their eyes are either absent or reach a high degree of development they are sometimes of enormous size, are often placed on the lateral appendages of the stems or telescoping, is provided with a lens system. So, the eyes of the coelacanth fish have a cylindrical shape, this allows it to see distant objects. Continue reading