Seahorse refers to ray-finned fish. Forms a genus in which there are 54 species. They live in shallow waters in tropical and subtropical marine waters worldwide. In the Pacific ocean are found from North to South America. In the Atlantic from Nova Scotia and further South. There is a colony at the mouths of the European rivers. For example, in the Thames. Three species live in the Mediterranean sea.
Body length varies from 1.5 to 35 cm External appearance resembles a chess knight. The skin is thin and stretched bony plates in the form of rings. Each type have their number of rings. The neck is flexible and well expressed. For seahorses is characterized by vertical rather than horizontal movement in the water. They tremble dorsal fin and pectoral fins behind the eyes.
This is the most slow swimming fish in the world. Their top speed is 2-1,5 km/h. Caudal fin not. These bad swimmers most of the time are stationary, hooked prehensile tails for marine vegetation. Snout long and tubular end stigma. It works like a pipette, drawing the food along with water. Eyes have the ability to move, independently from each other. Continue reading
Catfish — fish–giant. It is the largest predator that lives in fresh water. Belongs to the family somovyh. Representatives of this family are peculiar to the clumsy, highly elongated, spindle-shaped body, naked or covered with bony plates. The head is relatively large, tapered. Mouth wide, with numerous small teeth having the shape of a cone.
To this family belongs more than 550 species that live in fresh waters. Most likes deep standing water and is muddy. Catfish hunt, lying on the bottom motionless waiting for prey.
In reservoirs of Russia, the spread of ordinary som. It sometimes reaches a length of 3 m, weight 300 kg. Scientists believe that these giants are about 80-100 years, but most caught catfish weighing 10-20 kg. Their body is covered with a thick layer of mucus, the skin is dark with a greenish tint. Continue reading
Ordinary som is one of the largest freshwater fish. Inhabits Europe in the basins of the Caspian, Black, Azov and Aral seas, and here in the basin waters of the Arctic ocean soma will not meet.
Catfish live in well-heated by the sun water bodies with slow current. Gray-brown with greenish stains a powerful the body may reach 4 meter length, the weight comes to 360 kg.
The catfish belly is light gray or white. In General, the color depends on the environment an ordinary catfish, and can be from yellow-gray to dark gray and even almost black.
The naked body of a common catfish thickly covered with mucus. He has a large head, broad and rounded snout with a huge mouth in which small and very sharp teeth. Eyes are small, like tiny beads. Upper jaw shorter than lower jaw. Continue reading